Hemorrhoids (Piles)| Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies & Treatment

Hemorrhoids (Piles):

Hemorrhoids also known as piles, are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum, that similar to varicose veins. They may be very unpleasant and painful, they can be treated easily and also preventable.

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Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids may appear for a number of reasons.

When veins around the anus or in the rectum are dilated or engorged with blood, the patient has hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids can occur for the following reasons:

  • Aging
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Chronic constipation
  • Sitting for long periods (especially on toilet)
  • Obesity
  • Anal intercourse
  • Genetics

Hemorrhoids Symptoms

Hemorrhoids don't always cause symptoms, so you may not realize you have hemorrhoids.Hemorrhoids Symptoms Most common symptom include:

  • Feel discomfort, pain around your anus or itching
  • Swelling in the anal region
  • See blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl when going to the bathroom
  • Get moist, pink bumps around the edge of or bulging out from your anus (These may look purple or blue)

Internal hemorrhoids, which prevarication inside the rectum, customarily have no symptoms; a patient is not aware of them as they do not generally cause any discomfort. However, it may cause painless rectal bleeding if symptoms do appear.

Home Remedies For Hemorrhoids

There are different ways to mitigate symptoms, they will not eliminate the hemorrhoids.

Topical creams and ointment - Over the counter creams or suppositories which contain hydrocortisone. There are withal pads which contain witch hazel, or a topical numbing agent.

Bathing the affected area - bathing gently with warm water. Do not utilize soap. Dry gently with a hair drier after bathing.

Frozen pack and cold compresses - apply to the affected area may avail with the swelling.

Sitz bath with warm water - the sitz bath is placed over the toilet.  These may assuage the burning or itching symptoms.(Some pharmacies sell them)

Moist towelettes - dry toilet paper may aggravate the quandary(problem).

Analgesics - some analgesics, like aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen may alleviate the pain and discomfort.

Foods to Eat When You Have Hemorrhoids (Diet for Hemorrhoids)

  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Whole Grains
  • Fluids (Water)
  • Yogurt and Kefir

Hemorrhoids Treatment

Hemorrhoids often get better without surgery. However, medicines and lifestyle changes and in rare cases surgery may sometimes be needed.

Medicines-

Most hemorrhoid medication is OTC; that includes ointment, pads, or suppositories. Such active ingredients like hydrocortisone and witch hazel are also known to palliate(relieve) itching and pain. These medications should not be used for more than about 7 days (unless the physicians have verbally expressed otherwise).

Simple incisions-

Physicians may carry out a simple incision if a clot has composed around external hemorrhoid. These incisions are conventionally efficacious. The more severe bleeding may require rubber band ligation, coagulation, or sclerotherapy (injection).

Surgery to treat hemorrhoids-

Surgery is recommended when the patient has not benefited from simple procedures, or hemorrhoids are very severe and sizably voluminous.

In some cases, the patient can go home straight after the procedure, while in others cases may have to be hospitalized.

Hemorrhoids Treatment

Surgery may involve hemorrhoidectomy (complete abstraction of the hemorrhoids) or be stapling, where part of the intestine is stapled to reduce the risk of the chance of prolapse.

Source:

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/hemorrhoids

http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/h/haemorrhoids

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Haemorrhoids/Pages/What-happens-page.aspx