Kidney Transplant: Types,Procedure,Risk & Cost
A kidney transplantation is the transferal of a healthy kidney from one person into the body of a person who becomes little or no kidney function.
The main function of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and transform them to urine. If the kidneys drop this ability, waste products can build up, that is potentially life-threatening.
This loss of kidney function, identified as end-stage of chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, is the common reason for requiring a kidney transplant.
It’s probably to partially replicate the functions of the kidney using a blood filtering system known as dialysis. However, this can be inconvenient and time-consuming, therefore a kidney transplant is the treatment of choice for kidney failure whenever possible.
Types of Kidney Transplant
- Deceased-donor kidney transplant-A deceased-donor kidney transplant is meanwhile a kidney from someone who has recently died is removed with the permission of the family or from a donor card and arranged in a recipient whose kidneys become failed and no longer function properly and is the requirement of kidney transplantation.
- Living-donor kidney transplant-A living-donor kidney transplanting is the extraction of a kidney from a living donor and placing into a recipient whose kidneys no longer function correctly. Only one donated kidney is required to replace two failed kidneys, that makes living-donor kidney transplant an alternative to the deceased-donor kidney transplant.
About one-third of total kidney transplants conducted in the U.S. are living-donor kidney transplants. The another two-thirds include a kidney from a deceased donor.
- Pre-emptive kidney transplant-A pre-emptive kidney transplant is a kidney transplanting that takes place before your kidney function worsens to the point of needing dialysis to substitute the normal filtering function of the kidneys.
Currently, maximum kidney transplants are done on people who are on dialysis because their kidneys are no longer able to sufficiently clean impurities from the blood.
The pre-emptive kidney transplant is contemplated the preferred treatment for end-stage kidney disease, although only around 20 percent of kidney transplants are performed pre-emptively in the U.S.
Numerous factors have been associated with the lower than expected rate of pre-emptive kidney transplants, such as:
- Shortage of donor's kidneys
- Low rates of physician referrals for the procedure among candidates of lower socio-economic status
- Lack of access to transplant centers
- Lack of physician perception of current guidelines
Who can become a kidney transplant?
A kidney transplant is usually the treatment of option for kidney failure compared to a lifetime on dialysis. A kidney transplanting can treat chronic kidney disease including glomerular filtration rate (GFR, a measure of kidney function) fewer than or equal to 20 ml/min and end-stage renal disease to help yourself feel better and live longer.
Compared to dialysis, the kidney transplant is connected with:
- Lower risk of death
- Better quality of life
- Fewer dietary restrictions
- Lower treatment cost
Some people may further benefit from receiving a kidney transplant before demanding to go on dialysis, a procedure known as the preemptive kidney transplant.
But for some people with kidney failure, a kidney transplanting may be endangered than dialysis. Conditions that may prevent you from being suitable for a kidney transplant to cover:
- Advanced age
- Active or recently treated cancer
- Severe heart disease
- Inadequately controlled mental illness
- Alcohol or drug abuse
Kidney Transplant Procedure
If you undergo a kidney from a living donor, that will be a carefully planned operation.
If you're anticipating for a deceased donor kidney, the transplant center will communicate you when a suitable kidney matches available. This can appear at any time of the day or night. Staff at the center will review you don't become any new medical problems and will suggest you go to the center, wherever final checks will be conducted to be sure the transplant should go ahead.
You'll next have surgery to enter the new kidney and attach it to your blood vessels and bladder. The new kidney will be placed in the lower part of your abdomen. Your own kidneys will ordinarily be left in place.
A kidney transplant is a significant surgical procedure with a wide range of potential risks. In the short term, these dangers include blood clots and infection. Longer-term problems, that include diabetes and a developed risk of infections, are ordinarily related to the medication you require to take to reduce the chance of rejection.
Because of the chance of further problems, people that have had a kidney transplant need regular check-ups for the rest of their life.
Therefore, it’s confirmed that you:
- Quit smoking if you smoke
- Lose weight if you are overweight or obese
- Eat a healthy diet
- Take steps to reduce your risk of developing infections
How long take kidney transplants last?
There are a plenty of factors that affect how long a transplanted kidney lasts.
These combine whether or not the kidney came from a living donor, wherewith the kidney is matched in terms of blood group, tissue type, the age and overall health of the person receiving the donation.
Overall, ordinary kidney survival times are:
- 1 year – about 95%
- 5 years – about 85-90%
- 10 years – about 75%
Cost of a Kidney Transplant
- Cost of Kidney Transplant in India will be around $6000 - $14000 (inclusive of all the procedures and cost of donor evaluation test also).
- Cost of a kidney transplant in U.S.A is approximate $334,300- $600,000(including expenses from services before, during, and after the surgery)
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Europe around $100000
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Singapore within $100000 -$150000
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Australia within $60000-$100000
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Africa within $19000-$50000
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Bangladesh from $7000
- Kidney Transplant Cost in Pakistan from $8700