Depression: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Depression:

Depression is common but serious mood disorder. Depression is a low mood that lasts for a long time and affects everyday life.
In mildest depression mean just being in low spirits. In the case of severe depression may be life-threatening because it can make you feel suicidal or simply give up the will to live.

Depression Symptoms

Depression SymptomsPersistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood

• Low self-esteem

• Feelings hopelessness

• Appetite and/or weight changes
• Feeling tearful
• Moving or talking more slowly
• Feeling irritable and intolerant of others
• Difficulty remembering, concentrating or making decisions
• Finding it difficult to make decisions
• suicide attempts
• Aches or pains, headaches, cramps
• Difficulties in your home and family life
• Neglecting your hobbies and interests
• Difficulty in sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping

Risk Factors for Depression

Depression can happen at any age but often begins in adulthood. Depression is caused by the combination of genetic, environmental, biological, and psychological factors.
Depression in midlife or older adults may occur with other serious medical illnesses, such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and Parkinson’s disease.

Factors include for Depression:
• Familial history of depression
• Physical illnesses and Certain medications
• Major life changes, trauma, or stress

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Depression Treatment and Therapies

Depression is usually treated with medications, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.
Depression is treated by antidepressants medicines. They can help improve the way the brain uses certain chemicals that control mood or stress.

Mild depression-
If you have mild depression, the treatments outlined below may be recommended.
• Exercise – there's evidence that exercise may help depression and the main treatments for mild depression.
• Self-help groups – You may talk to a friend or relative, or you can ask your physicians to suggest a local self-help group. Your physicians may also recommend online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Mild to moderate depression-
Talking therapy – your physicians may recommend a talking treatment of psychotherapy.There are different types of therapy for depression, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and counseling.

Moderate to severe depression-
• Antidepressants – are tablets that treat symptoms of the depression. Antidepressants usually 2 to 4 weeks – to work, and often, symptoms such as sleep, appetite. There are near about 30 different types of antidepressant. They have to be prescribed by physicians.
• Combination therapy – your physicians may recommend that you take a course of antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) usually works better than having just one of these treatments.

Source:

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml#part_145396
http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Depression/Pages/Treatment.aspx