Compression Stockings: Medical uses & Contra-indications

Compression stockings:

Compression-stockingsCompression stockings are a specialized hosiery designed to avail block the occurrence of further progression of venous disorders such as edema, thrombosis, and phlebitis. Compression stockings are elastic garments worn around the leg, compressing the limb. This can reduce the diameter of distended veins and increases venous blood flow velocity and valve efficacy. Compression therapy avails decrease venous pressure, obviates venous stasis and impairments of venous walls, and mitigates heavy and aching legs.

Knee-high compression stockings are utilized not only to avail increase circulation but also to avail obviate the formation of blood clots in the lower legs. They additionally avail in the treatment of ulcers of the lower legs.

Athletic stockings and socks, compression stockings use more potent elastics to engender paramount pressure on the legs, ankles, and feet. Compression stockings are tightest at the ankles and gradually become less constrictive toward knees and the thighs. By compressing the veins, arteries, and muscles, they force circulating blood through the narrower channels. As a result, arterial pressure is incremented, which causes more blood to the heart and less blood pool in the feet.

Compression Types

There are two types of compression stockings

  • Gradient
  • Anti-embolism

Medical uses of Compression stockings

Compression stockings are recommended under the following conditions:

  • Compression StockingsAching legs
  • Edema
  • Chronic venous insufficiency
  • Varicose veins
  • Spider veins
  • Venous thromboembolism
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Lymphedema
  • Lipodermatosclerosis
  • Phlebitis
  • Economy class syndrome (ECS)
  • Pregnancy

Contraindications

Care should be taken in those with the advanced peripheral obstructive arterial disease, septic phlebitis, heart failure, oozing dermatitis and advanced peripheral neuropathy in regard to wearing compression stockings.