Superficial Muscles of the gluteal region

Gluteal Muscles:Origin, Insertion, Action & Nerve Supply

The gluteal region is located posteriorly to the pelvic girdle, at the proximal end of the femur. The muscles in this section move the lower limb at the hip joint. The muscles of the gluteal[...]

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piriformis muscle

Piriformis:Origin, Insertion, Action & Nerve Supply

The piriformis is a muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limb. It is one of the six muscles in the lateral rotator group. The piriformis muscle is a key landmark in the gluteal[...]

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Common Fibular Nerve

Common Fibular Nerve:Course,Motor & Sensory Innervation

The common fibular nerve, further known as the common peroneal nerve, is one of two main branches of the sciatic nerve. Common fibular nerve later divides into the deep and superficial fibular nerves, Nerve roots:[...]

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obturator nerve

Obturator Nerve:Course,Motor & Sensory Innervation

The obturator nerve is a principal peripheral nerve of the lower limb. The obturator nerve originates from the ventral divisions of the second, third, and fourth lumbar nerves in the lumbar plexus. Nerve roots: L2-L4[...]

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Anatomical Course of the Tibial Nerve

Tibial Nerve:Course,Motor & Sensory Innervation

The tibial nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve. Nerve roots: L4-S3 Motor: Innervates the posterior compartment of the leg muscle. Sensory: Innervates the skin of the posterolateral side of the leg,  a lateral[...]

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femoral nerve

Femoral Nerve:Course,Motor & Sensory Innervation

The femoral nerve is one of the major peripheral nerves in the thigh that supplies skin on the upper thigh and inner leg, and the muscles that extend the knee. The femoral nerve is the largest segment of the[...]

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Articulating Surfaces of Ankle Joint

Ankle Joint:Anatomy,Movement & Muscle involvement

The Ankle Joint, also known as the Talocrural Articulation, is a synovial type of hinge joint connecting the distal ends of the tibia and fibula of the lower limb with the proximal end of the[...]

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anatomy of the knee joint

Knee Joint:Anatomy,Movement & Muscle involvement

The knee joint is one of the hardest and most crucial joints in the human body. It provides the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while holding the body’s weight. Activities at the[...]

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Veins of the Upper Limb

Upper Limbs Veins

The Axillary Vein •This large vessel lies on the medial side of the axillary artery. •It fully overlaps the artery anteriorly while the arm is abducted. •The axillary vein, the extension of the basilic vein,[...]

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anterior muscle attachment of leg

Fibula Anatomy: Bony Landmarks & Muscle Attachment

The fibula is the long, thin and lateral bone of the leg. It runs parallel to the tibia and plays a notable role in stabilizing the ankle joint and supporting the muscles of the lower[...]

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