Angina (Chest Pin): Symptoms, Risk Factors & Treatment

Angina (Chest Pin):

Angina is a medical condition characterized by chest pain that occurs when the blood supply to the muscles of the heart is restricted. It usually happens when the heart muscle doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood and the arteries supplying the heart become hardened and narrowed.

Angina can manifest itself in the form of an angina attack, pain or discomfort in a chest that lasts from 1 to 15 minutes. The condition of the pattern of attacks into-

  1. Stable
  2. Unstable
  3. Variant angina.

Stable Angina (Chronic)- when the heart is working harder than normal, such as during exercise. It has a conventional pattern and can be prognosticated to transpire over months or even years. Symptoms relieved by rest or medicine.

Unstable Angina does not follow a conventional(regular) pattern. It can occur when at rest and is considered less mundane(common) and more serious as it is not relieved by rest or medication. This version may signal a future heart attack within a short time – hours or weeks.

Variant Angina And Microvascular (Most Minute Vessels) Angina are rare and may occur at rest without any underlying coronary disease. This angina is customarily due to abnormal narrowing or relaxation (spasm) of blood vessels, reducing the flow of blood to the heart. It is palliated by medicine.

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Angina Symptoms

Angina SymptomsAngina may feel like a heaviness or tightness in chest, and this may spread to arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach. Some people describe a feeling of astringent tightness, while others verbalize it’s more a dull ache. Some people also experience shortness of breath additionally.

If you think angina has got worse, feels different than it has before, has become more frequent, or has changes in another way, you should verbalize with your physicians immediately.

Risk Factors For Angina (Prevent Angina)

If you’re at risk for heart disease or coronary MVD, you’re also at risk for angina. The major risk factors for heart disease and coronary MVD include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Unhealthy cholesterol level
  • Diabetes
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Inactivity
  • Familial history of early heart disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Smoking
  • Overweight
  • Older age (Man after 45 years of age and for women after 55 years of age.)

Angina Treatment

All chest pain should be checked by physicians. If your physicians think that you have unstable angina or that your angina is cognate to an earnest heart condition, they may recommend following tests and procedures:

  • Blood Tests
  • Chest X-Rays
  • Stress Testing
  • EKG (Electrocardiogram)
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Coronary Angiography and Cardiac Catheterization

Treatment May Include Of Angina

  • Lifestyle modification
  • Medication
  • Cardiac Rehab
  • Cardiac procedures

Angina Complications

A major concern with angina is that atherosclerosis will continue to get worse. This may lead blood supply to heart becoming blocked, which could trigger a heart attack. Similarly, a blockage of blood supply to the brain could trigger a stroke.

Each year estimated that 1 in every 100 people with stable angina will have the fatal heart attack or stroke, and as many as 1 in 40 people will have the non-fatal heart attack or stroke.

You may considerably reduce a risk of developing these complications by making the lifestyle modification. For example, if you're overweight and smoke, you can significantly reduce risk by ceasing smoking and maintaining a healthy weight.

Home Remedies For Angina

1. Two pieces of garlic every day with milk is very efficacious in treating angina and other heart conditions.

2. One tablespoon of onion juice in the morning on empty stomach proves to be very efficacious in angina relief.

3. Grapes provide vigor(strength) to your heart. Juice of grapes reduces the risk of having a heart attack, angina pain and incremented breath.

4. Indian gooseberry a natural source of vitamin B. It can be taken in either juice or powdered form. It is very subsidiary in averting heart diseases.

5. Take fresh leaves of Holy Basil and extract some juice. Mix it with lukewarm water and integrate some honey. It is considered to be one of the most efficacious angina natural remedies.

6. If take 400 IU of vitamin E daily, you may reduce the cholesterol that sticks to your artery walls.

7. An inordinate amount of salt intake on your meal can raise your blood pressure and cause angina pain to erupt. It is suggested to restrict the amount of salt you put on your food.

 

Source:

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/DiagnosingaHeartAttack/Angina-Chest-Pain_UCM_450308_Article.jsp#.WME4ZIGGPIU

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000198.htm

http://www.heartandstroke.ca/heart/conditions/angina